Textile Engineering is a technological profession that deals with the application of scientific, engineering and technological principles to the design and manufacturing activities of fibers, yarn and textile products, process and machinery/or edquipment.
Clothing is a basic necessity and most human beings love wearing stylish, durable and functional clothes. Those end products such as garments and apparels are right from the collection and processing of raw materials (cotton, wool, synthetic materials etc) through spinning, weaving or knitting and finishing.
It is a Bachelor of Science (BSc.) Degree regular program taking 5 years duration. The academic program is divided into 10 semesters. Each semester lasts for a period of 4 months. The course consists of classroom lectures, tutorials and practical laboratory sessions counting total 300CP. Industrial visit and one semester internship program are also part of the curriculum.
In short, textile engineering uses principles of engineering, chemistry, textile processes and textile equipment in the process of textile production/manufacturing. The core subjects present in the academic program are Chemistry, Communication Skills, Engineering Mathematics, Polymer science, Textile Fibres, Yarn Manufacturing, Weaving, Fabric Structure, and Textile Chemical Processing including bleaching, dyeing, printing and finishing, Textile Machines, Operation Research, Quality Control and Textile Costing, BSc Thesis as well as management skills.
Natural science students who scored more than the minimum higher education entrance examination result are placed as well as enrolled in the program by FDRE Ministry of Education (MoE) every year.
Besides the government, so many private sectors employ Textile Engineering graduates. In boths sectors setup, a textile engineer may take up a job in areas such as product design and development, production, process control, quality control, printing, merchandising or research and development. Coming to the private sector, textile mills, raw material agencies, synthetic material agencies, textile marketing and merchandising firms are known to recruit textile engineering graduates.
Production manager, , Industrial Engineer, , Quality assurance manager, maintenance, textile chemicals expert, textile machinery and spare part manufacturing expert, Engineer, textile testing expert ,textile factory facility planner, factory layout designer, , Sales Engineer, textile product designer.
Individuals with a textile engineering background can find employment in a wide range of industries and work settings. Medicine, mining, sports and education are just a few industries that require the knowledge of textile engineers. Whether researching new materials, improving existing manufacturing processes or creating new products, the work of a textile engineer is always interesting.
Textile engineers find employment in a wide range of positions in diverse industries, though it's not always apparent. Textile labs and manufacturers frequently use the job title "Process Improvement Engineer" when looking for help. Supplier quality managers with a textile engineering background are used by multinational corporations to ensure their raw materials meet their standard prior to being shipped to factories worldwide. Textile engineers aren't restricted to working on the shop floor or in the lab. This background is extremely helpful to individuals working as technical sales and service representatives for biomedical textiles and composite sports fabric companies.
Textile engineers apply the principles of engineering to the design and manufacture of fiber, textiles, apparel and associated processes and products. It is a multidisciplinary role requiring sound knowledge of chemical, industrial and mechanical engineering. Chemical companies that produce polymers and fibers employ textile engineers to develop and improve their manufacturing processes. Firms that use biomedical materials, composites and sports textiles use these engineers to research and develop high-performance fabrics. Some textile engineers spend their entire careers in the lab conducting research into complex materials.
Some of the typical tasks the professionals are expected to deal with are:
1. Fiber and textile material identification and testing
2. Development of textile fibers, yarns and fabrics for different end use requirement
3. Developing quality system and maintaining product quality assurance
4. Developing and selecting textile manufacturing system & technology
5. Planning, monitoring and controlling textile production operation
6. Identification and control aspects of textile chemicals & chemical processing
7. Machine development & maintenance engineering of textile machineries.
Derseh Yillie [Lecturer]
Textile Engineering Program Head
Ethiopian Institute of Textile and Fashion Technology
Bahir Dar University
Bahir Dar, Ethiopia